Nepali girls trafficking to India has increased by 500% in the last 5 years, says report

According to a study conducted by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), human trafficking from Nepal to India has increased by 500% since 2013.

Nepali girls are sold to brothels in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and other cities for up to Rs. 50, 000.

The report also says that Nepal has become the source country of human trafficking to India. Nepali girls, according to the SSB report, forced either to prostitution or to domestic work. Sometimes, even their body organs are taken out and sold to needy persons who are ready to give a hefty amount.

The brokers, often former sex workers, bring young girls aged 9 to 16 up to Indo-Nepal border and hand over Indian brokers. Those trafficked girls are coached to conceal their true age if police ask them at the border.

It is also revealed that sometimes, even parents of the girls act as brokers. They contact brokers and sell their own daughters for a price. Poverty pushes them so hard that finally they are left with no choice but to sell their own daughters.


Time to time Nepali girls are rescued from Indian brothels, but the root cause of the problem has never been touched. Photo: India Today

Girl’s trafficking has posed a serious problem to the nation. Various reports have confirmed that more than 7000 Nepalese women are trafficked to Indian brothels every year. These unfortunate women are compelled to live a life worse than hell.

On the other hand, traffickers continue to lure many innocent girls and sell them like commodities. It seems the government’s exercise to prevent girl’s trafficking has borne no fruit.

Many independent observers blame politicians for providing political protection to some high-ranking traffickers. This is the reason why police is never successful to nab top-notch traffickers. Those who are arrested are only small fish.

The gang leaders, who are the masterminds behind the trafficking networking, relax in five star hotels and continue their squalid work without any fear.


Until now Nepali government has shed only crocodile’s tears about the plight of girl’s trafficking. Photo: Plan UK

Girls trafficked to India are mostly from rural areas where poverty is rampant. Poor financial background, unemployment, illiteracy, lack of job opportunity and many other factors make village life much tougher.

Traffickers take advantage of the poverty and hopelessness of the poor people living in far-flung areas. The girl’s trafficking agents go to villages, meet the parents, and convince them for better job for their daughters in India.

Sometimes these agents give cash in advance to the parents and take their daughters. Traffickers also lure girls in the guise of marriage or in the name of providing employment abroad.

A report states that even educated girls are being trafficked from major cities of the country to various Indian brothels. However, this has also come to light that in some villages, due to abject poverty, parents themselves agree to sell their offspring to traffickers.

Nepal and India has wide open border which are not fortified with security personnel. This is literarily not possible as well. This situation has created an opportunity for smugglers and of course girl’s traffickers.

Whenever police activity is tight at boarder check posts, the girl’s traffickers, under the cover of darkness, sneak into the Indian Territory without much difficulty.

Due to increased vigilance of Maiti Nepal, police and other social organizations, girl’s trafficking has not been that easy as it used to be in few years ago.

Yet, many traffickers use Kakadbhitta, Khikarbas, Jogbani, Pashupatinagar, Koshi barrage, Bhadrapur, Gaur, Bhitta, Jaynagar, Raxaul, Susta, Bhagwanpur, Banbasa, Kanchanpur, Guleriya, Belauri and Bhajani to traffic girls to different Indian cities.

According to a report, in the recent past, more than 3000 girls were trafficked from Nuwakot district. Makwanpur does also not have better records about the cases of girl’s trafficking.

There are many non-government organizations, which have been working persistently to curb girl’s trafficking. But due to lack of proper coordination among these organizations, they have not been successful to achieve desired goals.


Sometimes many people have raised questions against the honesty and commitment of many NGOS and INGOs, which have led a crusade against the girl’s trafficking. As a result, many NGOs are not trusted as they have tainted records.

The recent experience has suggested that most of the girls rescued from different Indian brothels did not like to return to their villages. A social stigma prevents them from uniting with their families. They do not want to bring social disgrace upon their families.

The mindset of many village people is still very conservative and backward. They are not ready to accept a girl who has returned from brothels and live in their villages. The villagers do think that such girls might pollute the environment of the village.

They boycott the victim and her family. In a circumstance as such a girl does really find impossible to begin a new life in her village. Such stubborn attitude of the society leaves these traumatized girls no option but to adopt the same profession they want to get rid of.

Similarly, ineffective rehabilitation programme of the government and lack of alternative sources of employment have only added more woes in the life of these disgraced girls.

The government has formed a special committee in 26 districts to curb girls trafficking. Many interaction programme and seminars are held to create awareness against the girl’s trafficking. But a large amount of money is spent extravagantly on seminars and interaction programme, without yielding much success.

It should also be noted that our government does not take direct initiative to rescue trafficked women from Indian brothels. Some NGOs and INGOs are engaged in rescuing women from Indian brothels.

Reports state that there are hundreds of thousands of Nepali women languishing in Indian brothels. Of them, 20 percent are minors, 40 percent teenagers and the rest are in their early twenties.

In fact a full-fledged research has never been conducted to fathom the depth and gravity of the problem. Many more horrible truths of these brothels can be disclosed only if two governments agree to investigate the case together.   

Despite the fact that traffickers are extending their network, our government has not taken strict measures against the girl’s trafficking mafia.

Neither has the Indian government shown much interest nor did the Nepali government have taken stern measures to check cross-border activities. This has encouraged traffickers to expand their activities without much trouble.

This apart, poverty and illiteracy have turned out to be the real culprit. It is poverty that has dragged poor villagers to fall prey to these criminals. Several experts opine that girl’s trafficking cannot be checked effectively unless financial status of poor and downtrodden people is uplifted in rural areas.


However, it is believed that the cases of girl’s trafficking can be clamped down only if the lifestyle of the rural people is lifted up.

Lackluster attitude of the government is more responsible for poor achievements in the case of girl’s trafficking. Our government must accept the fact that girl’s trafficking has already taken an ugly shape, and it has become a major problem in the country.

We can’t sit idle and leave our daughters languishing in several Indian brothels, where they are dying every day. It is shame on us if we shy away from our responsibility and shut our eyes. This way the problem is not going to be solved. Time has come our government must wake up and act responsibly. Because subject like girl’s trafficking is above political rhetoric.

LB Thapa, the blogger


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1 Comment

  1. Anjali Sharma, Delhi, India Reply

    I work for an INGO, Nepali government has never taken the issue of girl’s trafficking seriously. If I speak the truth then Nepali government has never shown a commitment to eliminate girl’s trafficking from its roots.

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